Dry nasal mucosa in children? What is crusty rhinitis, causes and symptoms


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During transitional periods between seasons and when there are abrupt climate changes, it is common for children to contract a cold. Along with this condition, it is not unusual for the nasal mucosa to become very dry and sensitive to the point of sometimes evolving into so-called crusty rhinitis.

But what are the reasons? Let's find out together.

Common symptoms of a cold are runny mucus from the nose, a dry feeling in the throat and watery eyes, conditions caused by a temporary inflammation of the nasal mucosa, called rhinitis, which produces excessive mucus to protect the body.

What are the effects on the mucous membrane of children when they suffer from rhinitis?

When children contract rhinitis, inflammation, known as swelling of the mucosa, occurs. Since the nasal mucosa is criss-crossed by many blood vessels, during a cold their dilation causes rapid swelling of the mucosa and an excessive production of more or less liquid mucus.

As a result, breathing through the nose becomes more complicated, while breathing through the mouth leads to rapid drying and irritation of the larynx, causing the classic sore throat.

Usually this phase is limited by itself and resolves spontaneously, promoting healing with simple nostril cleansing treatments.

Dryness in the nose: what are the possible causes?

There are several possible causes:

  • Environmental factors: exposure to cigarette smoke, pollution and other environmental irritants can aggravate stuffy nose symptoms in children.
  • Seasonal allergies: pollen, dust and animal hair are common allergens that can cause local allergic reactions worsening the dry condition.
  • Very dry climate.

Dryness in the nose: what are the possible symptoms?

  • Difficulty breathing: Children with a stuffy nose may have problems breathing, especially during the night, affecting their sleep and overall well-being.
  • Irritability and discomfort: irritability and tiredness due to lack of rest and general discomfort caused by nasal congestion.
  • Nasal congestion: feeling of a blocked nose and difficulty breathing through it.
  • Decreased appetite: due to the hindrance in breathing and swallowing, children may consume less food.

When does rhinitis in children become crusty?

Sometimes dry rhinitis can develop into a crusty form characterised by the presence of crusts in the nose, accompanied by itching, sneezing and total nasal occlusion.

Because the amount of mucus produced is too low, air humidification and purification cannot take place as expected, causing inflammation in the larynx and bronchi, making them more susceptible to infection.

One possible consequence is that part of the mucous membrane becomes infected and the small crusts can take on an unpleasant smell and turn dark green or black. In addition, the inner lining of the nose, called the nasal mucosa, which defends us from external agents and protects the underlying bone, may temporarily lose thickness.

A child with this condition may experience a burning sensation in the nose, accompanied by a completely stuffy nose, headaches and facial pain, similar to that of sinusitis.

Advice and remedies.

In the first instance, it is essential for children to spend time in the open air, avoiding enclosed spaces as much as possible and promoting proper nasal cleansing through:

  • Nasal washes with saline solutions: the use of saline solutions for nasal washes helps to remove mucus and reduce congestion effectively.
  • Nasal sprays based on natural ingredients: as an adjuvant treatment in cases of dryness, mucous membrane irritation and nasal congestion.
  • Adequate hydration: giving children warm drinks or water can help make mucus more fluid and facilitate its removal.
  • Environmental humidifiers: maintaining an adequate level of humidity in the environment is helpful to reduce dryness of the nasal passages and facilitate breathing.

If your child is subject to persistent nasal congestion, it is always advisable to consult your paediatrician for more specific and targeted treatment.

Product Line

Nasal Spray Baby Otosan

Promotes the expulsion of excess mucus, helping to reduce nasal congestion and inflammation.

The result of our ongoing research in the field of otolaryngology, Otosan® Nasal Spray Baby is a nasal decongestant made with ingredients of plant origin, with a gentle formula that makes this product suitable for children.

Free from vasoconstrictors and propellant gases.

Autorizzazione Ministero della Salute del 29.05.12

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It is a CE medical device.
Read the instructions for use carefully.

Product Line

Nasal Wash Otosan

Nasal wash ideal for daily nose hygiene and as a treatment for allergies, colds and sinusitis.

Otosan® Nasal Wash is useful in case of:

  • nasal congestion;
  • cold or allergic rhinitis;
  • acute and chronic sinusitis;
  • hypertrophic rhinitis during pregnancy;
  • snoring at night;
  • staying in dry or polluted environments;
  • exposure to fumes and irritants;
  • surgery (before and after);
  • daily cleansing of the nasal cavities.

Since it is constantly in contact with a large number of allergens, impurities and polluting dusts, keeping the nose clean and clear is the first step to prevent alterations of the mucous membrane of the nose (blocked nose, itching and dryness) and to allow correct airflow in the respiratory tract.

Autorizzazione Ministero della Salute del 29.05.12

Read More

It is a CE medical device.
Read the instructions for use carefully.

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